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Friday, 11 March 2016

REFUGEE & HUMAN RIGHTS

Refugee centres fill up as Hungary tightens borders
Patrick Strickland

Bicske, Hungary - An Afghan family walked along the sidewalk leading to the entrance, flashed their ID cards and passed through the rotating steel gate into the Bicske camp. Home to hundreds of refugees and migrants who stopped over in Hungary on their way to Western Europe, Bicske is one of three refugee camps providing temporary residence across Hungary.


Hundreds of other refugees and migrants are locked up in three closed detention centres.

A few men stood outside Bicske's main gate, smoking cigarettes and passing the time. One walked back and forth as he spoke on the phone, updating the person on the other end that he made it this far.

Standing outside the camp's entrance, Davod, a 31-year-old asylum seeker who did not provide his last name, recalled leaving Iran two months ago. After travelling through Turkey, Bulgaria and Serbia, he eventually arrived at Hungary's border fence last week.

He shares a room with 14 others inside Bicske. "The conditions are very bad inside," he said.

'Stuck in limbo'

With between 100 and 200 people caught by police each day while they breach the 175-kilometre fence spanning the border with Serbia, rights groups say these facilities are overflowing.

More than 1,000 people have been arrested for entering Hungary through the fence since March 1, according to Hungarian police.

The number of refugees and migrants in open camps and detention centres has tripled since mid-February, said Andras Kovats, director of the Hungarian Association for Migrants.

"These people are put into detention … but Serbia doesn't take back anyone," he told Al Jazeera. "The problem is that Hungary considers Serbia a safe country. That's why Hungary doesn't give asylum to these people. They end up stuck in limbo."

Only 146 of the 177,135 applicants were granted asylum in Hungary in 2015, according to the government statistics. Many of those started the asylum process and continued to Western Europe.

Another 362 refugees were not given asylum, but were provided with residency and permitted to stay. Unlike those who were granted asylum, they do not receive state subsidies.

Mumin's story

In December, Human Rights Watch (HRW) criticised the detention of asylum seekers in Hungary, and called for their immediate release - including those "awaiting deportation who can't be removed within a reasonable time-frame".

Mumin, a 19-year-old refugee from Somalia, was arrested just seconds after he crawled under the fence and entered the country on January 6.

"The smuggler [in Serbia] cut the fence and told me that it was Germany," he said. "It was raining so much. A police car [came] and told me this is Hungary."


After being shot by Al-Shabab fighters, Mumin lost a kidney and says he would be killed if he were to return to Somalia [Sorin Furcoi/Al Jazeera]
Mumin was taken to a closed detention centre, where he was held for nearly two months before being transferred to Bicske.

Having taken the teenager's fingerprints, police told Mumin that he would be deported back to Serbia and that he was banned from the European Union's Schengen zone for at least one year.

"I'm a young boy. I want a future," he said, explaining that he left behind his mother and two sisters in Somalia.

Asked why he left, he said he was shot by fighters from the al-Shabab armed group on his way home from school one day in January 2015. He lost a kidney in the attack.

"There were eight of us. Two of them died ... I cannot go back. They already said they will kill me. They can do it," he said, shaking his head.

Unsure where to go next, he said: "Pray for me."

Fears of violence

For its part, the Hungarian government has defended its policies towards refugees and migrants.

After Slovenia and Croatia closed their borders to those without valid European Union visas, the Interior Ministry announced on Wednesday a nationwide "state of emergency" and deployed an additional 1,500 soldiers and police officers to the Serbian border.

Interior Minister Sandor Pinter defended the move at a press conference on Wednesday, arguing that it remains unclear what impact the spate of border closures will have on Hungary's border.

The office of Prime Minister Viktor Orban was unavailable for comment.

READ MORE: Crisis looms as a new wave of refugees reaches Europe

In addition to Slovenia and Croatia, Serbia and Macedonia have also sealed their borders, triggering a build-up of an estimated 13,000 people at the Idomeni crossing between Greece and Macedonia.

Rights groups, including the Hungarian Association for Migrants, fear that border closures across the Balkans will see people take riskier routes to reach Western Europe. More would also attempt to breach Hungary's border fence.


"We are prepared for people to come in large numbers," the association's Kovats said. "The only question is whether the government will step back and let it flow, or if they will try to play the tough guy … I'm afraid that if they do that it will turn violent."

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Editor's Mail

Love the article on Gaddafi
We must rise above tribalism & divide & rule of the colonialist who stole & looted our treasure & planted their puppets to lord it over us..they alone can decide on whosoever is performing & the one that is corrupt..but the most corrupt nations are the western countries that plunder the resources of other nations & make them poorer & aid the rulers to steal & keep such ill gotten wealth in their country..yemen,syria etc have killed more than gadhafi but its not A̷̷̴ good investment for the west(this is laughable)because oil is not in these countries..when obasanjo annihilated the odi people in rivers state, they looked away because its in their favour & interest..one day! Samosa Iyoha

Hello from
Johannesburg
I was amazed to find a website for Africans in Hungary.
Looks like you have quite a community there. Here in SA we have some three million Zimbabweans living in exile and not much sign of going home ... but in Hungary??? Hope to meet you on one of my trips to Europe; was in Steirmark Austria near the Hungarian border earlier this month. Every good wish for 2011. Geoff in Jo'burg

I'm impressed by
ANH work but...
Interesting interview...
I think from what have been said, the Nigerian embassy here seem to be more concern about its nationals than we are for ourselves. Our complete disregard for the laws of Hungary isn't going to help Nigeria's image or going to promote what the Embassy is trying to showcase. So if the journalists could zoom-in more focus on Nigerians living, working and studying here in Hungary than scrutinizing the embassy and its every move, i think it would be of tremendous help to the embassy serving its nationals better and create more awareness about where we live . Taking the issues of illicit drugs and forged documents as typical examples.. there are so many cases of Nigerians been involved. But i am yet to read of it in e.news. So i think if only you and your journalists could write more about it and follow up on the stories i think it will make our nationals more aware of what to expect. I wouldn't say i am not impressed with your work but you need to be more of a two way street rather than a one way street . Keep up the good work... Sylvia

My comment to the interview with his excellency Mr. Adedotun Adenrele Adepoju CDA a.i--

He is an intelligent man. He spoke well on the issues! Thanks to Mr Hakeem Babalola for the interview it contains some expedient information.. B.Ayo Adams click to read editor's mail
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